Tag Archives: skin type


Itchy, red, inflamed patches, blisters and cracking…these could be signs of eczema or atopic dermatitis, a very skin common problem. Depending on the cause, eczema can flare up with severe symptoms at times. It can also be a chronic problem for many people with less intense symptoms and less frequent flares. Eczema means different things to different people.

Up to 20 percent of children and one to three percent of adults develop atopic dermatitis, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. Some of the most common causes and irritants are detergents, soap, synthetic fabrics, sweating, household chemicals, certain foods, dust mites, fragrance, pets, plants and other allergy triggers. If you tend to have many allergies, hayfever and other conditions, you may be more prone to eczema or atopic dermatitis.

Avoid things that may trigger outbreaks is the first step to take. The worst thing you can do is to scratch. Scratching the skin can cause it to become thickened and red. It can also create wounds that may become infected if left untreated. You should avoid using potent skin care products, scrubs with large particles, and rubbing your skin with a loofah or anything rough that can increase irritation and cause the problem to spread.

If you think you may have dermatitis, see your Dermatologist who can make a diagnosis and prescribe the right medications if needed. Treatments range from simply avoiding the allergic triggers that cause flare-ups, to antihistamines, antibiotics and steroid drugs applied to the skin or taken in a pill form.

Find a dermatologist near you at aad.org or visit the ZO®DoctorFinder.


The new buzzword in sun protection isn’t UVA or UVB. It’s HEV – high-energy visible light. HEV is an enemy of healthy skin due to its ability to damage cells.

Exposure to powerful forms of light can be a safety hazard. This hazard concerns doctors more and more as people are continuously surrounded by an increasing variety of artificial light sources, such as computers, digital devices, fluorescent lights and LED sources. These unnatural forms of light release large amounts of powerful radiation known as High-Energy Visible Light.

High-Energy Visible (HEV) Light is made up of certain colors that you can see.  When you look at a rainbow, these particular colors are visible as a thin edge of deep purple and blue on the one side.  HEV light is very closely related to Ultra-Violet (UV) light and has similar physical characteristics.  Invisible ultra-violet (UV) rays cause sunburn, tissue damage and eye disease.  HEV light has been shown to cause similar damage.

Developed by Beverly Hills dermatologist Zein Obagi, the newest sun protection technology from ZO® Skin Health is Oclipse® Smart Tone, that offers a powerful dose of UVA and UVB all day sun protection, while also helping to shield the skin from HEV light. The multi-tasking formula helps to skin support its own natural repair process to helping tackle irritation and pigmentation, while softening and soothing skin with rich conditioners. ZO® Oclipse® Smart Tone SPF 50 (SPF) is also formulated with patented color-bursting beads that match any skin tone. These micro-beads burst when rubbed into skin to create customizable color on any skin tone, creating a perfect tint to be worn alone or as a primer under foundation.

“I developed this sunscreen to protect the skin, restore the skin, and maintain skin health,” says Dr. Zein Obagi. “Now everyone can reap the benefits of this science.”

This advanced formula is also super-charged with soothing extracts of Petasites Japonicus Root Extract and Beta Glucan to minimize irritants that can cause redness. Argania Spinosa Kernel Oil also moisturizes and aids in lipid repair, as well as Vitamin C to protect against the formation of pigmentation and sunspots.

Skin Cancer Detection

There are three main types of skin cancer: basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and malignant melanoma. Melanoma is the most severe form of skin cancer, as it can spread quickly throughout the body if not treated at an early stage.

The good news is that early detection is the best defense against deadly skin cancers. Regular check ups and screenings every 6-12 months with your Dermatologist can literally be life-saving. Consult with your dermatologist immediately if you see any abnormal changes to your skin, such as new moles or irregular dark spots. And don’t forget to check the areas that get the most sun exposure, such as scalp, back of the neck, hands, feet, and the bridge of the nose. These parts of your body are most prone to sun damage and also skin cancer. The sooner you get diagnosed and treated, the better your chances of survival.

Another critical step to prevent actinic keratoses, and all types of skin cancers from forming, is daily broad spectrum protection with a high SPF. And by daily, we mean 365 days/year.

ZO Medical Oclipse-C Broad-Spectrum Sunscreen SPF 50 is a lightweight natural mineral sunscreen that offers a powerful UVA/UVB protection. This formulation shields your delicate skin from high energy blue-violet light that has been shown to induce premature aging. Oclipse-C goes on smoothly and blends nicely, and is so light that is indicated for sensitive skin types. Many ZO physicians also recommend this new formulation for post-procedure sun protection after lasers, peels and injections.

Dr. Zein Obagi’s vision for prevention when it comes to skin health is simple: Minimize UV damage, prevent DNA damage and protect skin from environmental aggressors to improve overall skin health.

Beautiful Bride Bootcamp

You found the perfect dress, but there’s still so much do before you walk down the aisle and say “I do.” Your big day is coming and it will be all eyes on you. So how can you make sure that your skin is ready for prime time? Start six weeks ahead on an intensive skin care regimen to purge pores, smooth lines and creases, and reverse pigmentation for a flawless look.

Try this simple and effective home regimen to look positively gorgeous from the rehearsal dinner to the honeymoon. Start at least 6 weeks ahead.


For normal to dry skin, start with this basic plan:


For oily or acne prone skin, add these important steps:

  • Use ZO Skin Health Offects TE Pads Acne Pore Treatment twice daily to prevent breakouts and clogged pores
  • Avoid all skin care and cosmetic products that are not oil-free and non-comedogenic
  • Cleanse and exfoliate diligently on your decollete and back to guard against pimples that may show in your dress from the front and the back
  • See your ZO doctor if your acne increases due to the stress and hormonal flux of being a new bride


NEW Skin Care Technology

For anti-aging skin care and cosmeceuticals, technology is the driver. Some of the most important categories of ingredients for anti-aging used today include; DNA repair enzymes, plant stem cells, growth factors, retinol, and peptides. Retinol triggers natural skin hydration from deep within, by upregulating extracellular matrix production (collagen-1, hyaluronic acid). You can find a potent form of retinol in ZO Skin Health Ossential Advanced Radical Night Repair, for example. DNA repair agents and synthetic growth factors promote faster repair of the DNA damage induced by both intrinsic (genetic) and extrinsic (environmental, sun exposure, pollution) aging.

According to Dr. Zein Obagi, “Topical agents should promote skin health and not induce further harm. A patient’s regimen should therefore be created using scientifically proven, active ingredients, suited to their skin type and needs. Novel delivery systems and techniques allow us to customize a regimen for each individual.”

Name Your Skin Type

Before jumping into a skin care program or having an aesthetic procedure like a peel or laser treatment, you need to know your skin type. Typically, physicians use the Fitzpatrick skin typing system to categorize skin tone on a continuum from very fair (type I) to very dark (type VI). But Dr. Zein Obagi believes this system doesn’t provide all of the necessary information for predicting how your skin will react to a specific treatment.

For that you need to consider your ethnic background, particularly when trying to correct or avoid hyperpigmentation, discoloration, and dark spots.

Dr. Zein Obagi divides skin types into three categories based on your racial and ethnic background:

  1. Original: this refers to people whose ancestors basically came from one place. You could be white, black, or Asian but you know for sure that all of your forebearers were from Ireland, Kenya, Japan, etc. But as we all know, this is a hard class to claim, which leads us to the next category.
  2. Mixed: most people in the world fall into this group. Their ancestors hail from around the globe and their ethnic and racial ancestry is mixed. When using chemical peels or laser treatments on people in this group, skin care professionals need to recognize that deeper procedures are possible, but with caution.
  3. Complex: this category also hails from a racially mixed background, but has less stable skin than the mixed type. The skin has a natural uneven tone, dark in some areas and lighter in others, and is very sensitive to the sun. South and North American native people as well as those from India, Pakistan, and surrounding regions, may have this skin type. When treating these patients, physicians need to be very careful because their skin cannot tolerate deep treatments without a long period of topical skin conditioning before and after.

Skin Care Layering

We used to get by with only 3 steps (cleanse, tone, moisturize), but that is so yesterday. But is all that layering is actually good for your skin? Well, the short answer, is that it depends.

You want us to recommend FEWER steps, and we’re going to recommend MORE steps! Unfortunately, doing as you ask would not necessarily be doing you (or your skin) any favors.

Some day there may be one product that cleanses, tones, activates, stimulates, moisturizes, and protects. But not soon. Actually, if we combined too many active ingredients, one would invariably de-activate or destabilize another. Plus there can’t be one generic skincare product, because there isn’t one generic skin type. Every person’s needs are so different.

There are several things wrong with the regimen you mention.

  1. You’re missing what dermatologists consider to be the most important step—sunscreen.  It’s critical for both younger-looking as well as healthier skin.
  2. To avoid pigmentation issues, elasticity problems, lines, and wrinkles, you need to stimulate the skin cells. For this you need active Vitamin A, and peptides, growth factors, and anti-oxidants.
  3. Using a moisturizer, while excluding some of these other ingredients, will make your skin cells lazy and function improperly. Don’t make that mistake!

Not to worry about too much layering—your skin will appreciate the attention that it gets. Just make sure to apply the products in the right order, from lightest to heaviest, so that they can be absorbed properly.

So although we can’t recommend just one product, you may want to try one of our uber popular ZO kits that combine —all at a value-price!